Jefferson Davis County Mississippi Genealogy & History Network










Jefferson Davis County, Mississippi Marriages: "P - R" Surnames



Marriages Surname Index:


A - B   C - D   E - F   G - H   I - J   K - L   M - O   P - R   S - T   U - W   X - Z


Please submit your Jefferson Davis County, Mississippi marriage records for researchers to share. Send your information to the Jefferson Davis County, Mississippi Genealogy & History Network at msghn@outlook.com


If you know of an Jefferson Davis County, Mississippi marriage that is not on our list, please let us know.



The data below is presented in this order:   SPOUSE 1 - SPOUSE 2 - DATE MARRIED - NOTES (if any)

  • Pace, Hubert - Gardner, Bertha - 11 May 1927
  • Pace, Malissa - Cook, Ira - 21 Jun 1912
  • Pace, S. E. - Roberts, Alma - 13 Mar 1926
  • Padgett, Geneva - Speights, S. E. - 27 Nov 1910
  • Page, M. B. - Hutchins, Etta - 07 Jun 1908
  • Pare, Bama - Broome, Luther - 01 Sep 1913
  • Parish, Abbie - Clark, J. R. - 27 Aug 1913
  • Parish, Charley - Polk, Clara - 06 Jul 1915
  • Parish, Chellie - McInnis, Scott - 15 May 1913
  • Parish, Eltus - Blair, Lillie - 11 Mar 1924
  • Parish, Ester - Cole, Lillie - 09 Oct 1918
  • Parish, J. F. - Stewart, Bettie - 08 Sep 1920
  • Parish, Julia - Creel, John - 10 Jan 1920
  • Parish, Laura - Bass, H. B. - 10 Apr 1910
  • Parish, May Belle - McInnis, Roland - 22 Jan 1914
  • Parish, Ronna - Stewart, Preston - 06 Sep 1923
  • Parish, S. J. - Stewart, Mrs. Jay - 29 Nov 1911
  • Parish, W. B. - Polk, Miss. L. L. - 12 Nov 1922
  • Parker, L. J. - Sutton, Francis - 05 Nov 1906
  • Parker, Lilian - Parker, P. S. - 10 Oct 1913
  • Parker, P. S. - Parker, Lillian - 10 Oct 1913
  • Parkinson, Shepherd - Polk, Houston - 06 Oct 1907
  • Parkman, E. C. - Langston, Henrietta - 18 May 1919
  • Parkman, Estus - Fortenberry, Opal - 11 Feb 1912
  • Parkman, Ethel - Berry, D. H. - 09 Mar 1919
  • Parkman, Flint - Polk, Ida - 06 Dec 1908
  • Parkman, J. R. - McRaney, Florence - 01 Mar 1917
  • Parkman, Lee - Nelson, Ruby - 08 Nov 1919
  • Parkman, Lizzie - Yates, Charlie - 31 Jul 1921
  • Parkman, Lizzie - Donald, Edd - 08 Nov 1925
  • Parkman, Richard - Aultman, Lewis - 30 Dec 1916
  • Parrett, Eula - Lee, Charlie - 18 Nov 1927
  • Pasqualetti, Charly - Carter, Glay - 16 Oct 1916
  • Patterson, H. C. - Dyess, Honor - 02 Jul 1916
  • Patterson, Lennie - Davis, Ernest - 02 Aug 1919
  • Patton, Venie - Cook, W. N. - 23 Feb 1908
  • Payne, Dr. Robert F. - King, Frances A. - 01 Mar 1925
  • Peoples, H. I. - Blackman, Mamie - 03 Aug 1910
  • Perish, Jimmie - Sullivan, Frankie - 16 Sep 1925
  • Perish, Wayne - Evans, Lucile - 21 Feb 1926
  • Perkins, Estelle - Futch, B. R. - 14 Mar 1919
  • Perkins, Ida - McNease, N. L. - 09 Nov 1919
  • Perkins, Miss. E. M. - Terrell, B. S. - 25 Jun 1922
  • Perkins, Ruth - Owens, Willis - 10 Sep 1921
  • Perrett, L. B. - Randell, Lola - 12 May 1907
  • Peterson, Ray - Polk, Bertha - 26 Mar 1925
  • Pharlyaw, Minnie - Roberts, Mack - 15 May 1910
  • Pickering, Addie - Thompson, Sam - 23 Jun 1916
  • Pickering, Ruby - Mikell, J. J. - 15 Jun 1926
  • Pickernell, Harry - McCarthey, Helen - 14 Feb 1925
  • Pierce, F. E. - Davis, Artie - 14 Jan 1924
  • Pierce, Frank - Robins, Lanie - 07 Oct 1927
  • Pierce, H. P. - Polk, Clancie - 11 Dec 1917
  • Pierce, H. P. - Polk, Mary O. - 11 Jun 1918
  • Pierce, Liddie - Williamson, Grady - 30 Dec 1915
  • Pierce, Ollie - Dyess, Joe - 05 Mar 1919
  • Piersy, G. E. - Blackburn, Florence - 11 Jul 1912
  • Pike, J. D. - Atwood, Brezetta - 11 Jun 1909
  • Pittman, Della - Arnold, L. T. - 24 Dec 1914
  • Pittman, Hilma - Langston, Ozzie - 15 Oct 1925
  • Pittman, Meryl E. - Cowan, Sam - 14 May 1916
  • Pitts, Miss. Vernon - Manton, Henry - 09 Mar 1926
  • Pitts, Willie - Walker, Malissia - 05 Jan 1915
  • Polk, Abner - Myers, Addie - 24 Nov 1907
  • Polk, Addie - Bouree, Ather - 26 Aug 1917
  • Polk, Alex - Elzey, Bessie - 15 Nov 1922
  • Polk, Allice - Murray, Wallace - 22 Dec 1908
  • Polk, Augusta - Green, E. J. - 01 Jun 1924
  • Polk, B. - Dale, Irene - 13 Nov 1925
  • Polk, Banks - Davis, Sarah - 29 Nov 1927
  • Polk, Bennie - Terrell, Gracie - 26 Oct 1916
  • Polk, Bertha - Peterson, Ray - 26 Mar 1925
  • Polk, Bessie - McLain, M. D. - 05 Feb 1925
  • Polk, Bessie - Adams, Willie - 14 Apr 1924
  • Polk, Bulah - Taylor, D. S. - 08 Jan 1911
  • Polk, Bulah - Polk, Forest - 23 Dec 1917
  • Polk, C. E. - Speights, Pauline - 24 Dec 1908
  • Polk, Cassie - Nickols, Carrie - 13 Jul 1926
  • Polk, Charley G. - Fortenberry, Tina - 27 Mar 1923
  • Polk, Clara - Parish, Charley - 06 Jul 1915
  • Polk, Clara - Polk, J. R. - 24 Aug 1909
  • Polk, Clarence - Stamps, Mattie - 29 Jul 1914
  • Polk, Clifton - Smith, Mandy - 22 Dec 1909
  • Polk, Clifton - Griffith, Sallie - 24 Nov 1907
  • Polk, Clincie - Pierce, H. P. - 11 Dec 1917
  • Polk, Cora O. - Dalon, J. Y. - 11 Dec 1924
  • Polk, D. C. - Mabley, Lillie - 26 Jun 1926
  • Polk, D. L. - Brown, Tamie - 13 Mar 1909
  • Polk, Dan - Nichols, Dora - 25 Apr 1915
  • Polk, Deloach - Bass, Suebell - 06 Apr 1913
  • Polk, Dimple - Fortenberry, Ray - 24 Dec 1923
  • Polk, Dovie - Bourn, J. S. - 06 Jun 1920
  • Polk, Dudly - Yates, Mary - 24 Oct 1909
  • Polk, E. E. - Walker, Mattie - 10 Mar 1927
  • Polk, Ella - Carter, Jasman - 14 Jul 1912
  • Polk, Emily - Lowe, M. C. - 23 Dec 1908
  • Polk, Emma - Freeman, John - 03 Jul 1906
  • Polk, Essa - Schiani, Frank - 08 Jun 1918
  • Polk, Etta - Lowe, A. L. - 01 Mar 1910
  • Polk, Etta - Mikell, Hubert - 20 Jul 1919
  • Polk, Flint - McPhail, Ednar - 31 Dec 1922
  • Polk, Flora - Beets, Edgar - 06 Apr 1911
  • Polk, Flora - Burkett, R. F. - 16 Oct 1920
  • Polk, Florence - Hutchenson, R. B. - 06 Dec 1908
  • Polk, Forest - Polk, Bulah - 23 Dec 1917
  • Polk, Gay - Martin, Eddie - 21 Aug 1912
  • Polk, George - Deer, Ruth - 27 Dec 1924
  • Polk, Houston - Parkinson, Shepherd - 06 Oct 1907
  • Polk, Ida - Parkman, Flint - 06 Dec 1908
  • Polk, Iddo - Chance, Rebecca - 15 May 1921
  • Polk, Ira - Sutton, Bulah - 03 Aug 1919
  • Polk, Irene - Berry, George W. - 03 Sep 1921
  • Polk, Irma - Ramsey, T. H. - 02 May 1912
  • Polk, Izzie - Barnes, Will - 26 Jan 1909
  • Polk, J. Jones - Cole, Etta - 08 Nov 1920
  • Polk, J. L. - Ramsey, Margie - 18 May 1922
  • Polk, J. R. - Polk, Clara - 24 Aug 1909
  • Polk, Jewell - Booth, R. P. - 16 Jun 1923
  • Polk, Jewell - Fortenberry, Rex - 20 Nov 1921
  • Polk, Knox - Speights, Marganie - 22 Dec 1915
  • Polk, Laura - Sills, Ethel - 12 May 1918
  • Polk, Lena May - Smith, Jewell - 01 May 1921
  • Polk, Leodon - Langston, Betsy - 24 Sep 1908
  • Polk, Lessie Mae - Speights, A. M. - 08 Dec 1926
  • Polk, Lillie - Myers, John - 26 Dec 1917
  • Polk, Lillie - Thurman, Walter - 02 Dec 1923
  • Polk, Lovie - Stamps, A. J. - 30 Jan 1920
  • Polk, Lydda - Miller, R. C. - 17 Oct 1915
  • Polk, Maranda - Powery, Alorizo - 26 Jul 1916
  • Polk, Mary O. - Pierce, H. P. - 11 Jun 1918
  • Polk, Minnie - Weatherford, Tom - 19 Dec 1915
  • Polk, Miss. L. L. - Parish, W. B. - 12 Nov 1922
  • Polk, Mrs. S. J. - Bass, Jake S. - 31 Dec 1914
  • Polk, N. T. - Jordan, Eva Mae - 11 Mar 1917
  • Polk, Oke - Leonard, Pheaba - 19 Dec 1926
  • Polk, Ona - Hathorn, Louis - 28 Jul 1918
  • Polk, Pearl - McNease, J. L. - 09 Nov 1909
  • Polk, Ray - Baker, Hildridge - 19 Dec 1912
  • Polk, Roe - King, Anna Bell - 02 Feb 1919
  • Polk, Rufus O. - McPhail, Susie Mae - 22 Jun 1913
  • Polk, T. R. - Gray, Bettie - 04 Aug 1912
  • Polk, Terrell - Wolf, Eva - 22 Nov 1927
  • Polk, Texie - Lee, J. C. - 29 Oct 1927
  • Polk, Tina Lee - Mikell, Ora - 09 Jan 1927
  • Polk, W. O. - Blount, Bessie - 20 Sep 1925
  • Polk, Wilborn G. - McPhail, Maggie - 06 Feb 1920
  • Polk, Willie Mae - Caulter, Wiley - 14 Aug 1927
  • Polk, Wood - Dale, Sarah - 18 Nov 1922
  • Pond, T. J. - Hart, Fannie - 22 Feb 1915
  • Pool, J. A. - Ward, Gertie - 27 Apr 1923
  • Pope, Moran - Burrow, Florence - 05 Aug 1912
  • Porker, R. S. - Deer, Laura - 27 Feb 1909
  • Posey, Jessie - Ragland, Mamida - 09 Mar 1908
  • Powell, C. C. - Reese, Elma - 15 May 1910
  • Powell, Ray - Cliburn, Lela - 04 Jan 1926
  • Power, Carness - Gilbert, J. E. - 29 Mar 1921
  • Powers, Hilda - Hamelton, Lelon - 28 Feb 1922
  • Powers, M. W. - Blount, Maggie - 01 Feb 1911
  • Powers, Virgie - White, A. A. - 05 Feb 1916
  • Powery, Alorizo - Polk, Maranda - 26 Jul 1916
  • Prentiss, Hattie - Daley, Sylvester - 08 Feb 1912
  • Price, Bay - Bass, Cora - 13 Aug 1921
  • Price, Christeen - Vinson, J. C. - 23 Oct 1926
  • Price, Edna - Mathison, Johnie - 20 Dec 1914
  • Price, Ida - Langston, Homer - 30 Aug 1916
  • Price, Luna - Daniels, Robert - 07 Aug 1913
  • Price, Mollie - Daniels, Houston - 28 Jul 1908
  • Prime, Dollie - Yates, W. J. - 29 May 1910
  • Prime, Erma - Dykes, H. - 23 Dec 1921
  • Prince, Ollie - Yates, Etta - 02 Feb 1919
  • Prine, E. Q. - Tolar, Mrs. Omar - 23 Jun 1927
  • Prine, O. B. - Dyess, Mary J. - 23 Jul 1923
  • Puckett, Erma - Berry, P. W., Jr. - 11 Sep 1925
  • Puckett, Vida - Hathorn, Ray - 09 Jan 1925
  • Puttnam, Ardie - Rare, Tom - 24 Jul 1912
  • Quick, Eliza - Veash, M. C. - 12 Dec 1909
  • Quick, Myrtle - Tyron, John - 29 May 1913
  • Quin, C. R. - Berry, Rebecca - 25 Jun 1923
  • Quinn, D. B. - Berry, Bellie - 16 Apr 1927
  • Quinn, Hattie - Gantin, H. H. - 20 Sep 1916
  • Quinn, Verda - Walters, A. J. - 25 Sep 1927
  • Ragland, Mamida - Posey, Jessie - 09 Mar 1908
  • Ramsey, J. M. - Short, Susan - 28 Aug 1907
  • Ramsey, Margie - Polk, J. L. - 18 May 1922
  • Ramsey, T. H. - Polk, Irma - 02 May 1912
  • Randall, Arther - Wilks, Curma - 13 Oct 1921
  • Randell, Lola - Perrett, L. B. - 12 May 1907
  • Raner, Philip - Fagan, Martha - 30 Dec 1925
  • Rankin, Amanda - Deer, Jessie - 17 Oct 1912
  • Rare, Tom - Puttnam, Ardie - 24 Jul 1912
  • Ratcliff, Margrett - McPhail, R. L. - 12 Nov 1922
  • Ratcliff, Richmond - Johnson, Mamie - 12 Feb 1920
  • Ratcliff, Walter - Garner, Etta - 01 Oct 1916
  • Rawls, N. L. - Daniel, Georgie - 20 Nov 1921
  • Rawls, W. B. - Burkett, Maud - 24 Dec 1914
  • Rayban, Lois - Boleware, Ellis - 21 Jan 1928
  • Rayburn, Albert - Wilks, Janie - 10 Feb 1915
  • Raymer, M. A. - Cardin, Minnie - 10 Nov 1915
  • Raynes, Bell - Dyesa, W. L. - 10 Dec 1915
  • Raynes, C. R. - McPhail, Roberta - 21 Jan 1917
  • Raynes, E. T. - Childress, Lila - 29 Nov 1912
  • Raynes, H. - Smith, Milie - 05 Mar 1919
  • Reddock, G. D. - King, Lena - 20 Dec 1908
  • Reddock, John B. - Hathorn, Ina - 05 Nov 1921
  • Reddock, Lelah - Clark, F. J. - 06 Jan 1912
  • Redock, Lillian - Mathews, J. E. - 05 Sep 1906
  • Redwood, Ilaska - Ward, L. E. - 06 Jun 1925
  • Reed, Maybell - Dyess, Robert - 25 Aug 1914
  • Reed, Virgie - Dyess, Mack - 17 Dec 1922
  • Reese, Elma - Powell, C. C. - 15 May 1910
  • Reeves, Addie - Lowery, C. A. - 12 Mar 1916
  • Reeves, E. L. - Garner, Nannie - 18 Jun 1919
  • Reid, Danie - Dyess, R. C. - 03 Feb 1924
  • Reid, Hassie - McPhail, Luther - 25 Aug 1920
  • Reid, Ida - Dyess, W. T. - 02 Oct 1921
  • Reid, Sam - Smith, Myra - 08 Oct 1923
  • Renfrow, Catherine - Speed, Clarence - 01 Oct 1906
  • Renfrow, Jessie Pearl - Speed, Clarence - 10 May 1908
  • Renfrow, Robert - Cox, Lena - 17 Sep 1914
  • Reynolds, Estella - Graves, Luther - 03 Aug 1907
  • Rhodes, George - McPhail, Allie - 06 Oct 1916
  • Rhodes, Purnie - Graves, Emma Lou - 24 Sep 1923
  • Rich, J. W. - Denmont, Emmie - 10 Sep 1906
  • Richardson, A. C. - Green, Rosa - 25 Jun 1921
  • Riley, J. A. - Baker, Mary - 03 Oct 1926
  • Riley, S. P. - Morris, Hellen - 25 Dec 1910
  • Robbin, Eddie - Stevens, Ollie - 29 Dec 1915
  • Robbin, Norah - Muckleroth, Monroe - 05 Jan 1909
  • Robbins, Bruce - Cole, Bobbie - 28 Dec 1919
  • Robbins, Ernest - Cotton, Bessie - 06 May 1922
  • Robbins, Fannie - Mart, Freddy - 20 Nov 1907
  • Robbins, H. R. - McNease, Rudie - 03 Jul 1910
  • Robbins, Hebert - Dyess, Belle - 13 Nov 1921
  • Robbins, I. L. - Williamson, Agnes - 22 Mar 1908
  • Robbins, L. I. - Williamson, Agnes - 22 Mar 1908
  • Robbins, Lurina - McInnis, A. D. - 15 Jun 1921
  • Robbins, May - McRamsey, Jasper - 01 Jan 1919
  • Robbins, Mrs. Flutes - Douglas, Sam - 10 Jan 1917
  • Robbins, Myrtle - Weatherford, Henry - 04 Dec 1922
  • Robbins, Simon - Lott, Clara - 20 Jun 1920
  • Robbins, W. O. - Loftin, Lessie M. - 07 Feb 1919
  • Roberson, Albert - Headspeth, Nollie - 13 Aug 1911
  • Roberson, Aruel - Herrington, Loor - 12 Oct 1919
  • Roberson, G. H. - Bridges, Rhea - 01 Nov 1911
  • Roberson, Lish - Cannoy, J. W. - 06 Mar 1909
  • Roberson, Maggie - Evans, Willie - 25 Dec 1918
  • Roberson, Walter - Coulter, May - 06 Sep 1908
  • Roberson, William - Wilson, Minnie - 17 Mar 1910
  • Roberts, Alma - Pace, S. E. - 13 Mar 1926
  • Roberts, Alonzo - Gains, Ella - 10 Jun 1919
  • Roberts, Bessie - Walker, Houston - 26 Jun 1920
  • Roberts, Carrie - Blount, Spurgeon - 27 Jul 1914
  • Roberts, Delia - Myers, Sheridon - 13 Nov 1927
  • Roberts, Etta - Corre, Charlie - 21 Feb 1920
  • Roberts, Eula - Corre, Willie - 21 Aug 1920
  • Roberts, Eula May - Slater, E. J. - 04 Jul 1920
  • Roberts, Florence - Holloway, Walter - 13 Apr 1919
  • Roberts, Homer - McPhail, Ella - 11 Nov 1917
  • Roberts, Irene - Jones, Rudolph - 20 Jan 1924
  • Roberts, Jerone - Blair, Nannie - 22 Dec 1917
  • Roberts, John A. - Bridges, Katie - 26 Jan 1919
  • Roberts, L. R. - Holloway, Estella - 17 Feb 1927
  • Roberts, Louis - Myers, Jewel - 25 Dec 1910
  • Roberts, Lucus - Armstrong, May - 13 Dec 1908
  • Roberts, M. M. - Deen, Miss. P. E. - 04 Jun 1922
  • Roberts, Mack - Pharlyaw, Minnie - 15 May 1910
  • Roberts, Maxie - Lee, Mary - 12 Dec 1926
  • Roberts, Minni - Roberts, Quitman - 30 Jan 1908
  • Roberts, Mollie - Baker, John - 24 Apr 1920
  • Roberts, Nora - Cole, S. N. - 20 Jan 1910
  • Roberts, Quitman - Roberts, Minni - 30 Jan 1908
  • Roberts, Robert - Evans, Addie - 02 Jun 1918
  • Roberts, Sarah - Byer, Bernard - 28 Sep 1906
  • Roberts, T. R. - Hagens, Ida - 10 Dec 1925
  • Robertson, Albert - Baragon, Pearl - 26 Aug 1922
  • Robertson, Andie - Delaney, Maggie - 06 Jul 1913
  • Robertson, Clark - Watts, Sallie - 06 Sep 1919
  • Robertson, J. L. - Sorrells, Mattie - 11 Jun 1910
  • Robertson, Josie - Allen, Luther - 15 Feb 1912
  • Robertson, Lamar - Cook, Marie - 21 Apr 1913
  • Robertson, T. S. - Herrington, Minnie - 22 Mar 1918
  • Robertson, Zeno - Newsom, Gay - 08 Sep 1918
  • Robins, Edna - Hathorn, Frank - 02 Apr 1924
  • Robins, Lanie - Pierce, Frank - 07 Oct 1927
  • Robins, Lee - McPhail, Myra - 25 Jan 1920
  • Robins, Mattie - Evans, William - 29 Apr 1908
  • Robinson, Willie - Wilson, Allen - 04 Sep 1907
  • Rodgers, Ben - Magee, Olie Mae - 07 Nov 1924
  • Rogers, C. H. - Fortenberry, Lillian - 19 Mar 1911
  • Rogers, Charlie - Adams, Webb - 23 Dec 1911
  • Rogers, J. L. - Burnett, Alena - 21 May 1927
  • Rogers, J. L. - Berry, Effie - 11 Nov 1909
  • Rogers, Jean - Winbors, Ruth - 20 Jul 1924
  • Rogers, Knox - Harvey, Jinnie - 18 Jul 1912
  • Rogers, Lee - Harvey, Edna - 27 Dec 1913
  • Rogers, Mrs. Johnie - Tolar, Alton - 04 Jun 1927
  • Rogers, S. L. - Bazerman, Helda - 08 Jan 1928
  • Roper, Rubye - Matthews, J. H. - 21 Jan 1923
  • Ross, L. D. - Mobley, Virgie - 18 Jun 1912
  • Ross, Larence - Jones, Effie - 10 Jul 1910
  • Ross, Owen - Henderson, Mamie - 01 May 1907
  • Ross, S. M. - Newsom, Lela - 20 Jan 1907
  • Ross, Susie - Wilson, A. L. - 06 Jun 1915
  • Roud, R. G. - Laird, Danie - 26 Jul 1914
  • Rouse, O. S. - Berry, Mae - 15 Nov 1916
  • Runnells, Bertha - Graves, C. E. - 16 Jun 1907
  • Runnells, Leff - Graves, Angie - 28 Nov 1907
  • Runnels, Edna - Graves, W. P. - 08 Aug 1923
  • Runnels, L. W. - Lee, Lid - 03 Oct 1922
  • Runnels, Oliver - Tate, Alma G. - 13 May 1916
  • Runnels, Oliver - Faler, May - 08 Feb 1914
  • Rush, Lorna - Thompson, L. S. - 08 Dec 1909
  • Rush, Mae - Kimble, Charles - 28 Jun 1919
  • Russell, Beckie - Broom, Estus - 08 Jun 1918
  • Russell, Carene - Lee, Ike - 27 Dec 1925
  • Russell, Leola - Broom, Eugene - 02 Jul 1916
  • Russell, Luna - Bridges, Bryant - 18 Oct 1925
  • Russell, Mary - McNease, Willis - 26 Dec 1920
  • Russell, Ora - Dumas, Percy - 18 Dec 1909
  • Russell, Quit - Bridges, Ona - 06 Jan 1909
  • Russell, Rena - Deen, Ira - 09 Jan 1921
  • Russell, Talma Irene - Miller, Cecil - 27 Jun 1924
  • Rutland, Etta - Fortenberry, Johnnie - 12 Oct 1914
  • Rutland, Minnie - King, L. M. - 18 Apr 1909
  • Rutland, Myrtle - Deen, Andrew - 10 Jul 1915
  • Rutland, Nancy - Sumrall, Earl - 06 Jul 1909

Marriages Surname Index:


A - B   C - D   E - F   G - H   I - J   K - L   M - O   P - R   S - T   U - W   X - Z